Arrival of Europeans in India Modern History

general knowledge

Arrival of Europeans in India Modern History General Knowledge:

Arrival of Europeans in India


  • On 17th May 1498, Vasco da Gama, a Portuguese navigator, came to Calicut.
  • He found new trade route from Europe to Asia via Cape of Good Hope.
  • His second visit in 1502 established Portuguese Trading Centres at Calicut, Cannanore and Cochin.
  • Cochin was the first capital of the Portuguese in India which was shifted to Goa later on.


  • Dutch arrived in India as a beginning of Portuguese decline in 1605.
  • The Dutch East India company of Netherlands was formed in 1592 to trade with East Indies.
  • Cornelis Houtman was the first Dutch who came to India.


  • In AD 1664 French came to India as a last European Community.
  • The  French  East  India  Company  was founded by Jean Baptiste Colbert.
  • In 1667, the first French Factory was established at Surat.


  • in 1616 the Danes came to India.
  • They established at Tranquebar (Tamil Nadu) in 1620 and Serampore (Bengal) in 1676

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