The Mamluk dynasty or The Slave Dynasty (1206-1290 AD)

general knowledge

The Mamluk dynasty or The Slave Dynasty (1206-1290 AD) General Knowledge:

  • Qutubuddin Aibak also began the construction of Qutub Mtnar, in the honour of famous Sufi Saint Khwaja Qutubuddin Bakhityar Kaki.
  • Shamsuddin litutmish was a slave of Qutubuddin Aibak.
  • Ututmish stopped the Mongol attack in 1221 A.D led by Chenghiz Khan.
  • Ututmish nominated his daughter Razia as the successor.
  • She was the first and only Muslim lady that ever ruled in India.
  • She further offended the nobles by her preference for an Abyssian slave Yakut.
  • In 1240 A.D, Razia was the victim of a conspiracy and was killed near Kaithal [Haryana).
  • Jalaluddin Khilji founded Khilji dynasty.
  • Alauddin Khilji was the nephew and son- in-law of Jalaluddin Khilji.
  • He killed Jalaluddin Khilji and took over the throne in 1296.
  • He was the first Turkish Sultan of Delhi who separated religion from politics.
  • He appointed Diwan-i-Riyasat and Shahna-i-Mandi to regulate the fixed price market.
  • He abolished Iqtas of royal troopers and the payment of their salaries in cash.
  • He constructed monuments like Alai- Darwaza and Sirifort in Delhi.
  • Ghazi Malik with the name of Ghiyasuddin Tughluq became the Sultan of Delhi in 1320.
  • Mohammad-bin-Tughlaq organised better postal system.
  • Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq ascended the thr­ one in 1325.
  • Firoz Shah Tughlaq established Diwan- i-Khairat [department for poor and needy people), and Diwan-l-Bundagan [department of slaves).
  • Khizr Khan was the first Sultan of the Sayyed Dynasty.
  • The other rulers of this dynasty were Mubarak Shah (1421-1434), Muhammad Shah (1434-1443), Alam Shah (1443-1451).
  • Bahlol Lodhi (1451-88 A.D.) was an Afghan Sardar who founded the Lodhi dynasty.
  • Sikandar Lodhi shifted his capital from Delhi to Agra and conquered Bihar and Western Bengal.
  • Ibrahim Lodhi was the last king of Lodhi ynasty and the last Sultan of Delhi.
  • At last Daulat Khan Lodhi, the governor of Punjab invited Babur to overthrow Ibrahim Lodhi, Babur accepted the offer and inflicted a crushing defeat on Ibrahim Lodhi in the first battle of Panipat in 1526.

Vijaynagar Empire (1336-1565 AD)

  • The Vijayanagar Empire was a South Indian dynasty based in the Deccan on the South bank of Tungabhadra River.
  • There were four dynasties ruled over Vijaynagar —Sangama Dynasty, Saluva Dynasty, Tuluva Dynasty and Aravidu Dynasty.

Bahmani Kingdom

  • The Bahmani Kingdom of Deccan’s capital was Gulbarga.
  • it was founded by Hasan Gangu (original name-Ismail Mukh).
  • He took the tittle of Alauddin Hasan, Bahaman Shah.

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